Wednesday, December 30, 2015

Write in-line equations in your Shiny application with MathJax

I've been working on a Shiny app and wanted to display some math equations. It's possible to use LaTeX to show math using MathJax, as shown in this example from the makers of Shiny. However, by default, MathJax does not allow in-line equations, because the dollar sign is used so frequently. But I needed to use in-line math in my application. Fortunately, the folks who make MathJax show how to enable the in-line equation mode, and the Shiny documentation shows how to write raw HTML. Here's how to do it.


Here I replicated the code from the official Shiny example linked above. The magic code is inserted into ui.R, just below withMathJax().
## ui.R

  title = 'MathJax Examples with in-line equations',
  # section below allows in-line LaTeX via $ in mathjax. Replace less-than-sign with < 
  # and grater-than-sign with >
  tags$div(HTML("less-than-sign script type='text/x-mathjax-config' greater-than-sign
                tex2jax: {inlineMath: [['$','$'], ['\\(','\\)']]}
                less-than-sign /script greater-than-sign
  helpText('An irrational number $\\sqrt{2}$
           and a fraction $1-\\frac{1}{2}$'),
  helpText('and a fact about $\\pi$:$\\frac2\\pi = \\frac{\\sqrt2}2 \\cdot
           \\frac{\\sqrt{2+\\sqrt2}}2 \\cdot
           \\frac{\\sqrt{2+\\sqrt{2+\\sqrt2}}}2 \\cdots$'),
  checkboxInput('ex5_visible', 'Show Example 5', FALSE),

## server.R

shinyServer(function(input, output, session) {
  output$ex1 <- renderUI({
    withMathJax(helpText('Dynamic output 1:  $\\alpha^2$'))
  output$ex2 <- renderUI({
      helpText('and output 2 $3^2+4^2=5^2$'),
      helpText('and output 3 $\\sin^2(\\theta)+\\cos^2(\\theta)=1$')
  output$ex3 <- renderUI({
      helpText('The busy Cauchy distribution
               $\\frac{1}{\\pi\\gamma\\,\\left[1 +
  output$ex4 <- renderUI({
    invalidateLater(5000, session)
    x <- round(rcauchy(1), 3)
    withMathJax(sprintf("If $X$ is a Cauchy random variable, then
                        $P(X \\leq %.03f ) = %.03f$", x, pcauchy(x)))
  output$ex5 <- renderUI({
    if (!input$ex5_visible) return()
      helpText('You do not see me initially: $e^{i \\pi} + 1 = 0$')

Give it a try (or check out the Shiny app at! One caveat is that the other means of in-line display, as shown in the official example, doesn't work when the MathJax HTML is inserted as above.

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Dillon said...

The text above didn't work for me. It looks like there is something missing in the

I was successful configuring MathJax correctly using

tex2jax: {
inlineMath: [['$','$'], ['\\(','\\)']],
processEscapes: true

Ken Kleinman said...

Yes, that's not displaying correctly any longer! Thanks for bringing it to my attention!

Jason said...

Is there an easy way to switch between inline and displayed mathematics?